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Conditions of Sale - {{ viewVars.auctionTitle }}
{{'General Conditions of Sale' | translate }}

Participation in this auction is subject to and governed by the following contractual terms. Each prospective buyer is deemed to have reviewed, understood and accepted these conditions of sale and participation in the auction in any manner (in person, by telephone, by written bid or on-line) constitute an acceptance of these conditions of sale by the participant.



Every item offered for sale will be sold subject to the actual condition of the property at the time of the sale (generally referred to as ‘as is’). Prospective buyers are permitted and strongly encouraged to thoroughly examine any property before the auction with the understanding that there is no representation or warranty of any kind concerning the condition or any of the physical aspects of any items offered for sale. Catalog descriptions or verbal statements are offered as opinion and shall not constitute a representation or warranty or assumption of liability of any nature whatsoever.

Registration before Bidding

Prospective buyers who have not previously registered or bid with us and who wish to bid in the saleroom can register online in advance of the sale, or can come to the saleroom (up to approximately 30 minutes before the start of the sale) to register in person. A prospective buyer must complete and sign a registration form and provide identification (including a check acceptance form) before bidding.

Absentee Bidding

Reasonable efforts will be made to carry out written bids delivered to us before the sale for the convenience of prospective purchasers who are not present at the auction in person, by an agent or by telephone. If written bids for identical amounts are submitted for the same lot and are the highest bids on this lot at the auction, the property will be sold to the person whose written bid was received and accepted first. Execution of written bids is a free service undertaken subject to other commitments at the time of the sale and there shall be no liability for failing to execute any written bid or for errors and omissions in connection with any written bid.

Telephone Bidding

Telephone bids will be accepted on lots with a low estimate of more than $1,500, no later than 12 (twelve) hours prior to the commencement of the sale and only if capacity allows. Arrangements to bid in languages other than English must be made well in advance of the sale. We will use reasonable efforts to contact prospective purchasers to enable them to participate in the bidding by telephone as a free service; however there will be no liability for any failure or for any errors or omissions in connection with telephone bidding.

Online Bidding

Please register for online bidding at kenoauctions.com, bidsquare.com, invaluable.com or liveauctioneers.com. Reasonable efforts will be exerted to place on-line bids in the saleroom. However there will be no liability for any failure or error in the placement of such bids. Please note that successful bids placed through one of our online bidding platforms are subject to an increased buyer’s premium.


Terms of Bidding

The auctioneer has the absolute and sole discretion to refuse any bid and to advance the bidding in any manner. The auctioneer also has the right to withdraw any lot, and in the case of error and dispute (whether during or after the sale) to determine the successful bidder, to continue the bidding, to cancel the sale or to reoffer and resell the property. The highest bidder acknowledged by the auctioneer will be the purchaser. In the case of a tie bid, the winning bidder will be determined at the sole discretion of the auctioneer. IN the event of a dispute between bidders, the auctioneer has final discretion to determine the successful bidder or to reoffer the lot in dispute. If any dispute arises after the sale, the sale record of the auctioneer is conclusive

Participation in the auction may be disallowed for any reason. A bid is an offer to purchase and by making a successful bid, a bidder is accepting personal liability to pay the purchase price, plus the buyer’s premium, all applicable taxes and all other applicable charges.

Bidding Increments

The auctioneer will commence the bidding at any level and in increments considered appropriate. Bids will be sought in the increments selected by the auctioneer who will have the absolute discretion to select any increments for any lot (and the discretion to vary the increments in the course of the bidding for any lot). However, generally speaking, the increments will depend upon the low estimate for the lot. Thus, for example, for lots having a low estimate below $1,000, bids will be sought at increments of $50. The normal pattern for bidding increments will be as follows:

Low Estimate                           Increments

< 999                                           $50s

$1,000-1,999                           $100s

$2,000-4,999                           $250s

$5,000-9,999                           $500s

$10,000-29,999                      $1,000s

$30,000-49,999                      $2,500s

$50,000-99,999                      $5,000s

> $100,000                                at auctioneer’s discretion

These increments may vary during the course of the auction at the discretion of the auctioneer


Importantly, pre-sale estimates are provided to encourage competitive bidding. These estimates may not be relied upon as any predictions of the selling price and may not be considered to be any opinion or representation regarding the value of the property. In fact, in most cases, the stated pre-sale estimate of a lot is a fraction of Keno Auction’s estimate of its true fair market value. Keno Auctions shall not be responsible or liable for any difference between a pre-sale estimate and the actual selling price for any lot.


Unless otherwise indicated, all lots are offered subject to a reserve, which is a confidential minimum price set by the seller below which the lot may not be sold. The reserve will not exceed a given low pre-sale estimate at the time of the auction. Regardless of whether there is a reserve, the auctioneer may reject any bid and withdraw any lot for any reason. In order to comply with the seller’s reserve on any lot, the auctioneer may open bidding by placing a bid on behalf of the seller. The auctioneer may bid further on behalf of the seller (i.e. a bid from the book held by the auctioneer) up to the amount of the reserve by placing consecutive bids or by placing bids in response to other bidders. If a lot is not sold, the auctioneer will announce that fact (normally by stating that the lot has been unsold or passed).

*Property of Keno Auctions/Guarantees

Should Keno Auctions own any lot in whole or in part or have a financial interest in any lot equivalent to an ownership interest, the catalog will clearly identify any such property as the Property of Keno Auctions. From time to time, a lot may be offered for which a guaranteed minimum price or an advance secured by the consigned property has been given to the seller. Such property will be identified in the catalog with the symbol * next to the lot number.



Successful Bids

Keno Auctions is not able to notify successful absentee bidders. While invoices are sent out by mail after the auction we do not accept responsibility for notifying you of the result of your bid. Buyers are requested to contact us by telephone or in person as soon as possible after the sale to obtain details of the outcome of their bids to avoid incurring unnecessary handling charges.

Buyer’s Premium

A buyer’s premium will be added to the hammer price of each lot and is payable as part of the total purchase price (comprising the hammer price, buyer’s premium and any applicable taxes). The buyer’s premium is 25% of the hammer price for all successful bids placed in person, on the phone, or as a written bid left with Keno Auctions. Please, be aware that the buyer’s premium is only 27% for all successful bids placed through live.kenoauctions.com  However, if you bid through bidsquare.com, liveauctioneers.com or invaluable.com, it's an additional 3 % (totaling at 30%) for all successful bids placed on one of these three online bidding platforms. 

Sales Tax

Unless exempted by applicable law, all purchases are subject to the 8.875% sales tax of the City and State of New York. Any buyer claiming exemption from sales tax must have the appropriate documentation on file with Keno Auctions prior to the release of their property.


Buyers are expected to pay the full amount due (comprising the hammer price, the buyer’s premium and any applicable taxes) on the day of the auction. Please note that Keno Auctions will not accept payments for purchased lots from any party other than the registered buyer.

Lots purchased may be paid for in the following ways:

Bank checks


Cash (up to $7,500)

Money orders (up to $7,500)

Travelers checks (up to $7,500)

Pay Pal (up to $10,000)


Bank checks and personal checks should be made payable to Keno, Inc.. Checks must be drawn on a US bank and payable in US dollars. In order to process your payment efficiently, please quote sale number, invoice number and client number with all transactions. Buyers not known to us who wish to write a check must complete a bidder registration form and check acceptance form no later than two business days preceding the auction.

Remedies for Non Payment

If a buyer failed to make payment in full in good cleared funds, Keno Auctions shall be entitled in its absolute discretion to exercise anyone or more of the following rights or remedies (in addition to asserting any other rights or remedies available by law):

To charge interest at a rate of 1.5% per month;

To charge $50 for any dishonored check;

To hold the defaulting buyer liable for the total amount due and to commence legal proceedings for its recovery together with interest, legal fees and costs to the fullest extent permitted under applicable law;

To cancel the sale

To resell the property publicly or privately on any terms

To pay the seller an amount up to the net proceeds payable in respect of the amount bid by the defaulting buyer;

Where several amounts are owed by the buyer in respect to different purchases, to apply any amount paid to discharge any amount owed in respect of any particular transaction, whether or not the buyer so directs;

To exercise all the rights and remedies of a person holding security over any property in our possession owned by the buyer, whether by way of pledge, security interest or in any other way, to the fullest extent permitted by the law of the place where such property is located and in this regard the buyer will be deemed to have granted such security to Keno Auctions which may retain such property as collateral security for such buyer’s obligations;

To take such other action as may be deemed necessary or appropriate. If the property is resold as described above, the defaulting buyer shall be liable for payment of any deficiency between the total amount originally due and the price obtained upon resale as well as all costs, expenses, damages, legal fees and commissions and premiums of whatever kind associated with both sales or otherwise arising from the default. If any amount is paid to the seller as described above, the buyer acknowledges that Keno Auctions shall have all the rights of the seller, however arising, to pursue the buyer for such amount.

Collection of Purchases

We shall be entitled to retain items sold until all amounts due to us have received in full in good cleared funds or until the buyer has satisfied such other terms as we, in our sole discretion, shall require.


Packing, Handling, and Shipping

The removal of purchased property is entirely the responsibility of the buyer. Accordingly, packing, handling and shipping arrangements for any purchased lot is at the entire risk and cost of the buyer. Where we may suggest other handlers, packers or carriers if so requested, we do not accept responsibility or liability for their acts or omissions.

Failure to Collect Purchases

When purchases are not collected from the auction premises, whether or not payment has been made, Keno Auctions will remove and store such property in any manner and by any means that it deems appropriate. Keno Auctions will not be responsible or liable for any damage caused as a direct or indirect result of the removal and storage of such property.

In the event that property is removed from the auction premises by Keno Auctions, the buyer will be charged 120% of the actual packing and shipping cost incurred in transporting the property and a daily storage charge of 1.5% of the purchase price of the property (commencing on the day following the completion of the auction). At the option of Keno Auctions the property may be transferred to and stored at a bonded warehouse and the buyer agrees to pay all the transfer and storage expenses and accepts all risks of loss or damage. Keno auctions will only release the items after payment in full has been made of transportation, administration, handling, insurance any other costs incurred, together with all other amounts due to us.


Except as specifically described in this particular condition, Keno Auctions makes no representation or warranty of any kind as to the accuracy of any description of any lot and any information regarding any subject including quality, authenticity, medium, size, date, importance, rarity, provenance or historical relevance. Any statements made in the catalog or at the sale or in any invoice or in any other writing shall not be deemed or constitute any warranty, representation, statement of fact or assumption of liability. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Keno Auctions will warrant the accuracy of any statement or information set forth in BOLD type in the catalog description of the lot, unless clearly and conspicuously modified prior to the bidding on the applicable lot. This warranty regarding the information in bold type shall exist for a period of five (5) years from the date of the auction and is given solely to and strictly for the benefit of the original purchaser of record at the auction. It may not be transferred to any third party. Furthermore, the exclusive remedy of the original buyer in the event of any inaccuracy not otherwise excluded herein shall be a refund of the hammer price and buyer’s premium actually paid by the buyer for the lot at the time of the sale. Keno Auctions and its consignor shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages incurred or claimed under this warranty.

The Warranty does not apply if:

a written claim supported by a written report by the recognized expert in the applicable field is not delivered by the original buyer to Keno auctions before the expiration of six (6) months from the date of the sale; or

the catalog description was inconsistent with the opinion(s) of generally accepted scholar(s) and/or expert(s) at the date of the sale; or

the only method of establishing any inaccuracy in the warranted information is by means or processes not generally available or accepted at the time of the auction sale or by means and processes at the time of the auction sale that could have caused damage to the lot or could have caused loss of value to the lot; or

there has been no material loss in value of the lot from its value had it been in accordance with its description in the Bold type; or

the property is not returned to Keno Auctions in the same condition as on the date of the auction sale.  


Governing Law

These conditions of Sale and the rights and obligations of all participants here under, shall be governed by and construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of the State of New York. The buyer and any agent for the buyer shall be deemed to have consented to the jurisdiction of the state courts of, and the federal courts sitting in, the State of New York.